Pigment Classification

- Aug 31, 2017 -

Pigment can be divided into two categories: inorganic pigment and organic pigment, which can be divided into natural pigment and synthetic pigment. As a source of natural pigments in mineral, such as clay, cinnabar, realgar, malachite green and calcium carbonate

According to the classification to pigment containing compounds, inorganic pigments can be subdivided into oxide, chromate, sulfate, silicate, borate, phosphate, molybdate, vanadate and iron thiocyanate, sulfide, metal hydroxide, etc.; organic pigments can be divided according to the chemical structure of compounds azo pigment, phthalocyanine pigment, anthraquinone, indigo family, quinacridone, two oxazine pigments, methane and other polycyclic aromatic pigments etc..

From the production perspective classification can be divided into titanium pigment, iron oxide pigments, chromium pigment, lead zinc pigments, pigments, metallic pigments, synthetic organic pigments, has the practical significance of the classification method, often a system can represent a major pigment production industry.

From the application point of view, it can be divided into coatings, pigments, inks, pigments for plastics, rubber pigments, ceramics and enamels, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, pigments for art and so on. A variety of special pigments have some unique properties to meet the requirements of the application. Pigment manufacturers can also be targeted to recommend professional users a range of pigment products.

Acrylic paint

Acrylic pigments are synthetic synthetic pigments. They were invented in 1950s and are made from pigment powder and acrylic latex. Acrylic acid emulsion is also called acrylic resin emulsion. There are many kinds of acrylic resins, such as methacrylic acid resin,

It has the following characteristics:

1., available water, ethylene release, conducive to cleaning.

2. speed drying. The pigment in the pen after a few minutes to dry, do not have to wait a few months to finish to be like painting as glazing. Painters who prefer slow drying pigments can use retarders to retard the drying time of pigments.

3., the colored layer immediately loses its solubility after drying and forms a tough, elastic, impermeable film. This film is similar to rubber.

4., full color, dense, fresh embellish, no matter how to reconcile, will not have "dirty" "ash" feeling. The coloring layer will never be contaminated by oil absorption.

5., the persistence of the works is longer. Oil painting in the film for a long time, easy to oxidize, yellow, hardened, easy to cause cracks in the picture. The acrylic film will never be brittle in theory and will never turn yellow.

6., the difference between the use of acrylic paint and oil painting is with general water-based pigments operating characteristics, both for watercolor, but also for gouache.

7., the acrylic molding ointment contains granules, and has coarse particles and fine particles. It is convenient for making Chinese painting pigments.

8. acrylic paint does not cause great harm to the human body.  Just be careful not to eat on the line.

9. acrylic paint can be used as its own design culture unlined upper garment, which can highlight individual personality. But use all cotton clothes, and they're white.

Water-based pigment

Water based pigment is a new type of environmental protection pigment. Compared with traditional pigment, it has the advantages of no poison, no smell and so on. Compared with traditional pigment, it is more in line with the concept of health and environmental protection, and also becomes a trend of pigment

Oil paint

An oil painting paint, consisting of pigment powder, oil, and glue.  The market is mostly sold in tubes and can be made by ourselves.

Oil paints are a substance formed by grinding and grinding of minerals, plants, animals, chemically synthesized toner and agents, linseed oil, or walnut oil. It features can be dyed to other materials or attached to a material formed on the pigment layer of the pigment layer has certain plasticity, it can form all kinds of shape and texture Mark painter to achieve according to the tools used. The hue of oil paints depends on the hue of the toner. The oil can make the hue of the toner slightly darker and more saturated.

pigment for Chinese painting

Traditional Chinese painting, also called Chinese painting, is a special pigment used to paint traditional Chinese paintings. Sales are generally

Tubes and blocks of paint, as well as pigment powder. China paint classification of traditional Chinese painting pigment, it is generally divided into mineral pigments and plant pigment two categories, from the use of history, there must be a mineral, after the plant, as the first, after the ink smoke lampblack. The bright color left at the time of ancient rock paintings, according to laboratory tests, found with mineral pigment (cinnabar), obvious characteristics of mineral pigments is not easy to fade, bright colors, seen mostly old age Chang poured paintings have this impression, a large area of azurite, malachite green, cinnabar can let a person feel refreshed! Plant pigments are mainly extracted from trees and flowers.


Gouache is the abbreviation of gouache. There are many kinds of appellation in China, such as advertisement color, propaganda color and so on. Of or relating to an opaque watercolor pigment. As cheap, easy to learn, easy to use, often used for beginners to learn the color painting entry material, the use of simulated oil painting techniques.

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